The word “Nuclear” is very diverse. It can refer to physics, energy, medicine and even weaponry.
In this instance, it refers to Nuclear Weapons. The International Day against Nuclear Tests is acknowledged every year on the 29th of August. It was first recognized on the 2nd of December, 2009 during the 64th session of the United Nations General Assembly by adopting the resolution 64/35 unanimously.
Currently, 183 States have signed the Treaty and 162 have ratified it, you can even use this interactive map to understand this further.
The reason for there being such a loud outcry for a completely clean world, which is free of all sorts of nuclear weapons is simply due to the vast devastation that one explosion can cause.
The world’s first-ever nuclear weapon’s explosion took place on the 16th of July in the year 1945, in New Mexico. This took place when the United States had tested its first nuclear bomb.
Less than three weeks later, the world changed completely.
It was during World War 2 when the United States of America had tested and successfully followed through with not one, but two nuclear strikes, which supposedly ended the war. The first one took place on the 6th of August in 1945 in the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
The damage wasn’t perhaps as severe as it had the potential of being as it had exploded in the air, rather than on the ground. The blast radius was therefore downwards rather than sideways; even then, the blast wounded and killed almost 130,000 people in a single blow.
The second target was Nagasaki, in the same war, no less. It was bombed barely a few days later and out of the 28,600 people that lived there at the time of the blast, 74,000 were killed and another 75,000 sustained severe injuries that had either lead to death later on or left them with permanent damage.
In the following years after the World War 2, Russia, then Soviet Union and the United States of America, along with Great Britain, a variety of nuclear tests were conducted in these three countries. In the year 1954, President Jawaharlal Nehru of India called for a ban on nuclear testing. It was the first ever large-scale initiative to ban using nuclear technology for mass destruction. Following are the statistics as to how many tests were carried out in five major countries of the world.
- The United States conducted 1,032 tests between 1945 and 1992.
- The Soviet Union carried out 715 tests between 1949 and 1990.
- The United Kingdom carried out 45 tests between 1952 and 1991.
- France carried out 210 tests between 1960 and 1996.
- China carried out 45 tests between 1964 and 1996.
The devastation that was experienced in the cities of Japan is said to be felt until today through the memories of the survivors that remember everything in horrifying details, regardless of age. War is not a thing that one forgets; it is one of the many reasons that the World Humanitarian Day is so necessary for today’s time.
The Day Against Nuclear Tests was first documented in the year 2010. This being the 7th International Day Against Nuclear Tests holds the theme which is set to “Embrace A World Free Of Nuclear Weapons.”
In the year 2015, which marked the 70th anniversary of World War 2 and the 70th anniversary of the terrible tragedy of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. During which then United Nation’s Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon gave the message in memory of those events.
This year marks the seventieth anniversary of the dawn of the nuclear age…Pristine environments and populated communities in Central Asia, North Africa, North America and the South Pacific were hit. Many have never recovered from the resulting environmental, health and economic damage. Poisoned groundwater, cancer, leukemia, radioactive fallout — these are among the poisonous legacies of nuclear testing. The best way to honor the victims of past tests is to prevent any in the future…
The rest of the statement can be found here.
You can get involved in this movement as well by researching the nuclear program in your own country or that of your neighbouring countries. It is imperative for one to know the impending dangers that surround us in the society.
Even though the day was on the 29th of August, in the recent development of world history, it has become imperative to learn about these tests and their consequences.