In the early 18th century, the Arabian Peninsula was encased with a disorder, political instability, and fragile religious faith because of the spread of falsehoods, distortions and myths. Historians have described the political and social situation in the Peninsula in that period to be disintegrated and insecure, with a variety of rival scattered Emirates.
The first Saudi state was established at a time when the European industrial revolution was taking place.
The second Saudi state was short-lived and stayed away from the European dominance.
The third Saudi State was established in the 18th century. Al-Dir’iya was made its capital, by Imam Muhammad bin Saud when he met Sheikh Mohammed Ibn Abdul Wahab.
Together they formed an alliance and agreed to reform and cleanse the Islamic faith from misrepresentations and falsehoods that were beginning to develop. They vowed to preserve the true base of the Islamic faith which is based on Quran.
Saudis pledged allegiance to King Saud in the 20th century, after the death of his father King Abdul Aziz.
During King Saud’s period, the Kingdom witnessed the accomplishment of constructions and the development passage in all sectors. The king was very focused on making domestic visits to all the regions in order to inspect the country, in addition to the foreign visits to enhance the cooperation with the neighbouring and friendly countries. This lead to modern day Saudi Arabia to have such strong relations with various countries.
In accordance with his own father’s vision for Saudi Arabia, King Saud continued to focus on Islamic and Arabic issues and their betterment.
Saudis pledged allegiance to King Faisal after his brother King Saud.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia witnessed a variety of developments in many sectors in King Faisal’s time. The Kingdom became the spokesperson at international conventions, along with Islamic and Arabic summits because of its standing international status and semantic message.
The king was able to face the trials and the deceptive ideologies and directed the Islamic and Arabic efforts guided by Saudi Arabia which became a primary base in International politics.
King Khaled took King Faisal’s place after his assassination. After his death, he took over the mantel to pursue the development of the Kingdom and erected the Kind Faisal Foundation.
During his reign, the country saw massive improvements in its urban culture, all the while, maintaining the Saudi customs and the Islamic system.
The Kingdom held its extraordinary position in Arabic and Islamic politics.
The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahad took his place throne and followed his father’s system to build the country and society, in order to reach the highest level of civilization.
In King Fahad’s period, the largest historic expansion of the two holy mosques took place, along with the Saudi economy and civilianization raising to the highest level. The Saudi foreign policy during King Fahad’s period was known for effectiveness and positivity and making the right solutions in major Islamic and Arabic matters.
King Abdullah, after King Fahad, strengthened brotherly ties between Arab countries and had an active role in peacemaking efforts between Arabs.
He was known for his generosity in humanitarian and local charitable deeds. He provided a great support to science and scientists, the development of education, and the establishment of financial, scientific and technical institutions. He also visited many Arab, Islamic, and friendly countries in Asia, Europe, America and Africa. He attended various Arab and Islamic summits and was keen to achieve peace in the Arab region.
His era witnessed great accomplishments in the field of higher education, public education, justice and health. Not to mention the expansion of the Prophet’s Mosque and the expansion of the Grand Mosque and Al-Mataf.
The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah had chosen Prince Salman as the crown prince addition to his responsibilities as a defence minister and deputy prime minister.
King Salman has come to be known for his passion for extensive reading in history and culture, and for heritage and his country’s history after his predecessors. Along with his outstanding role in development in the Riyadh region, which witnessed a quantum leap during his emirate.
The king of Saudi Arabia in present time has come from a long line of royals that have done much for the Kingdom and will continue to do so as their line goes on.
It is because of such intense history that for all of the country, the Unification of the Kingdom, or National Saudi Arabia day, holds so much important and is one of the three-holiday occasions in the country.